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Seniors’ Memories of “Old Goucher”

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Goucher College Image Library

As I’m sure many of our readers know, Goucher College used to be slightly different than what it is now. This is before the First-Year Village and Mary Fisher Dining Hall. Gosh, this goes back to when Pearlstone existed. For all first-years, Pearlstone was the equivalent of the student market but with different food and different vibes. So, as we are coming to a close for this 2019 spring semester and as the seniors get ready to pack up their dorms for the last time and prepare to walk across the stage at graduation, we are going to take a walk down memory lane to the years before construction.

First things first, the food. Currently, we have Mary Fisher and the Student Market. However, back in 2012, when the seniors were mere first-years, they had Stimson, Huebeck, and Pearlstone. Yes, three dining halls! Pearlstone was the place to go for quesadillas and chicken fingers.

Senior Chris Elliott says the Huebeck dining hall was home to the healthier options, as well as the original stir-fry, Chris Mayhew states. Another senior says that Sunday Brunches in Stimson were the best because they would get the breakfast pizza while their friend would make waffles with ice cream and blueberries. Now it is hard to even find any sort of berry in Mary Fisher or The Student Market.

Do you remember the Gopher Hole? The tightly packed Thursday Nights for Open Mic, sweating because there was barely any room to walk? Moe de La Viez reminisces on her first open night in the Gopher Hole, saying it was “Packed to the edges of the room,  but it was so close and fun and everyone was sweating but having a great time”. The Gopher Hole was student-run cafe, being the place for students to go to for late-night snacks, as well as once-in-a-while pub nights for students who were 21+. Sure, the Go-Ho will be returning in fall of this year, but it definitely will not have the same atmosphere as it once did.

The equivalent of the first-year village for the seniors was Stimson, at least for most of them. Living in triples was quite an experience, for the most part. Having to decide who slept in which bunk and who had to share a dresser was great for bonding purposes. Especially when the mice decided to come out of their hiding spots as it got colder outside, making students fear for their life as they screamed and called Facility Management Services. Mayhew says that Stimson was packed and the place where everyone lived, making campus feel like a straight line from the academic quad and the residential quad. If you didn’t know this already, Frolicher, the three residential buildings by the first-year village, used to be where the first-year village is now, which is why the campus felt more direct four years ago versus now and how much more widespread it is.

And then there are just the little things in life that seniors miss. One is the area where Frolicher is currently. Back in the day, there used to be picnic tables and a seesaw where students could relax. Speaking of picnic tables, there used to be many more on the residential quad by the beach volleyball court. Seniors also miss the trees that used to be where the dining hall is now. Trees and benches were lined up along Van Meter, making it a perfect place for students to “people watch” as people filtered in and out of class and The Atheneum. And last but not least, is the old post office, which was located where our new dining hall is. Believe it or not, students had their own mini lockers that were just big enough to hold letter mail. There was never an email notifying students when they had received letter mail, so it was always a great surprise when they checked their locker and found something.

We hope these final few weeks for seniors is a blast, and that emotions don’t get the best of you. Enjoy the packing and the lack of students during senior week and remember that the friends you have met throughout your four years here at Goucher will be in your life for a long while.

Intersectionality through Cuisine: An Evening with Michael Twitty

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Michael Twitty. Photo Credit: Ryan Smith

The Hyman Forum is filled with the smell of chili powder and cumin. A small group of Goucher students on stage chop lemons and use a food processor to blend and churn ingredients into a delicious, gluten-free, Passover-ready dish: black eyed pea hummus. The audience is relaxed, jovial, and hanging on to every word of food writer and chef Michael Twitty, who sits in the center of the stage. Donned in a teal, Star of David covered African print top, he answers questions and instructs the students as part of a presentation on what he calls “Kosher/Soul.”

“Kosher/Soul” is not solely the title of his forthcoming book, out this December. It is also what Twitty describes on his blog, Afroculinaria, as “melding the histories, tastes, flavors, and Diasporic wisdom of being Black and being Jewish.”

Intersecting identities served as Twitty’s focal point during his talk, since identity, he said, is connected with food. According to Twitty, “[f]ood is a source of power and definition.”   

As a gay Jewish man who is black, Twitty has dealt with his share of identity gatekeepers. During his talk, he described a situation where a publisher would not publish his book The Cooking Gene because they wanted him to highlight his Black identity while downplaying his Jewish identity, saying that this would make him more palatable for a large audience.

“We don’t need gatekeepers to tell us…that we exist. You just need to assert your existence and not let someone else define it,” he said as audience members snapped their fingers in agreement.

Those gatekeepers were in the audience at last year’s James Beard Awards when Twitty won not one, but two awards for his book.

His interest in the power of food began as he began to explore histories, whether they were his own or those of his 7th grade Hebrew school students. Through DNA tests, he was able to reconnect with his African roots, and as a 7th grade Hebrew school teacher, he guided students while they discovered their own roots and family history. According to Twitty, these histories and identities are “express[ed] through how we eat,” and can tell people more about their own histories.

“[Food] is a way to teach people about who we are, where we come from, what we have in common, [and] what we need to resolve,” he explained.  

As Nicole J. Johnson, Assistant Dean of Students for Race, Equity, and Identity, said as she introduced Twitty, being Black and Jewish may seem like “a combination that many folks can’t wrap their heads around.” However, for Twitty, they are directly related, not only because he and many others hold both of those identities, but because of the similar and shared aspects of their histories. He referenced the painting “The King’s Fountain,” which depicts African and Jewish people living side by side in 16th-century Lisbon, interacting with each other daily, and undoubtedly eating each other’s food.

“We’ve been around for a really long time,” he said.

Ironically, the event (which took place on April 17, after being rescheduled from an earlier date in February because of inclement weather) took place days before Passover, Twitty’s favorite holiday. As he named foods that he makes during the holiday, the audience let out a series of “mmm”s. It wasn’t hard to see why; it’s hard to resist treats like matzo dough fried chicken, sweet matzo brei with peaches, and brisket with bell pepper, tomato, ginger, and spices.

With all that talk about food, it only seemed fair that Twitty would let the audience taste one of his favorite recipes: a filling and healthy black eyed pea hummus. The dish, he said, was symbolic; within the Jewish tradition, the black eyed pea symbolizes more good deeds, which will in turn bring more blessings, and in the African-American tradition, it is associated with good luck and change. The dish was also political, he said. On his blog, he says that food is inherently political, as “[i]t is a proving ground for racial reconciliation and healing and dialogue.”

At first, Twitty asked for four volunteers from the audience to help him mix together lemons, various herbs and spices, garlic (his favorite part of the recipe), hot sauce, and two cans of black eyed peas. As time went on, more and more audience members floated on and off the stage, helping slice, mix, and taste the hummus.

And how many Goucher community members does it take to start a food processor? Apparently, quite a few. After several minutes of food processor technical difficulties, Twitty decided to improvise, instructing students to blend ingredients by hand. Luckily, Twitty said the simple recipe was “very forgiving” (a staff member was eventually able to start the food processor; “a Passover miracle,” according to one student on stage).

It was also well worth the wait. Students and staff members passed around samples of the hummus when it was finished. It was slightly chunky and perfectly seasoned, served with carrots and pita chips, and absolutely perfect for any occasion.

“I feel very comfortable here,” Twitty said towards the end of his lecture, and it was obvious throughout. He reciprocated the energy he was getting from the audience, making eye contact with those who were nodding along and speaking directly and excitedly to those who shared his experiences. He connected with everyone in audience, pulling them in with effortless humor, easy vulnerability, and of course, delicious descriptions of his favorite foods.

And if the black eyed pea hummus was any indication, those foods may become others’ favorites, too.

This Week in 1980

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Miami Race Riots, Aug. 8, 1968. Picture Credit: Associated Press

Goucher News:

  • On April 28th, 1980, Goucher maintenance workers – which include maids, switchboard operators, groundskeepers, and post office personnel – go on strike for the first time in the institution’s history. Picketing the Goucher front gates, they demand a pay increase of $1.00 per hour or an increase of 87.5 cents and a prescription drug plan. Goucher maintains an offer of 75 cents per hour. A strike representative, Margaret Singleton, described how she needed to support herself and her three children on a $3.73 hourly wage. In May 1st edition of the Quindecim, Singleton stated: “I’ve given Goucher almost 12 years of what I call dedicated service…and they are telling me that I can’t have the 25 cents more that I need.”
  • It was reported in the May 1st edition of the Quindecim, that a new Health Center Advisory Board was created to oversee the operation and effectiveness of the Goucher Student Health Center. In addition, it was reported that a new sick bay was constructed in Bacon Hall for sick students to stay overnight away from others.

 

World News:

  • Siege of Iranian Embassy in UK ends as Special Air Service operatives and police storm the building (May 5th)
  • World Health Organization announces eradication of smallpox (May 8th)
  • Horror film “Friday the 13th ” is released (May 9th)
  • Race riot brakes out in Miami, Florida following the acquittal of four white police officers in the wrongful death of black salesman Arthur McDuffie. The riot ends with 18 dead and 300 injured (May 18th)

Phone Free Day Reflection

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Phone free day founder Reilly Musgrave, ‘20, unknowingly shakes hands with disgraced shirt-winner Cameron Stewart. Photo Credit: Dylan Margolis, ’19.

This year’s celebration of Phone Free Day had the largest turnout in all of Goucher’s history! A documented thirty-nine people wore stickers pledging their support that proclaimed them “phoneless” – a whopping 2.5% of students! While not everyone sported a sticker, it was clear that everyone on campus could feel a certain phoneless aura in the air that day.

No one felt that phoneless aura more so than the select few that vowed not to use their phone for the entire day. Only the bravest and most tactful dared embark on this journey from dawn to dusk without the warm embrace of a phone, and this measure did not go unrewarded; those few were allowed to put their name into a drawing to win a hand-embroidered shirt made by none other than Goucher’s Eliza Owen-Smith, ‘20.

During what seemed like a normal rambunctious Mary Fisher dinner, a hush fell over the crowd of attendees in anticipation of the announcement of the shirt-winner’s name. I had no idea that the next moments would go down in infamy. The hat chose Cameron Stewart, ‘19. The crowd erupted, as they thought they should. It was “the best day of his life,” according to Stewart, but others didn’t feel that same sense of elation, especially Sinaia Campora, ‘21 (also a registered entrant in the contest).

Campora, who herself went completely phone free for the entire day, alleged that Stewart had in fact used his cell phone on April 2nd. These allegations were not denied by Stewart, who insisted that he “used his phone less,” pointing to the sticker.

Phone Free Day staff members do not condone loopholes of any kind, so judicial action must be taken. While the shirt cannot be revoked and the picture cannot be un-taken, the title can be moved. So here, forever in print, Sinaia is named the phone freest of 2019. May next year’s celebration be a more just one.

BY REILLY MUSGRAVE

Correction:

April 22nd, 2019.

Minor grammatical edits were made.

This Week in…1981

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Staff listing in a 1981 issue of the Goucher Weekly, now known as The Quindecim. Picture Source: Goucher College Digital Library

Goucher College News:

  • Goucher receives a $1.25 million grant from the State of Maryland to renovate Van Meter Hall and Hoffberger Science Building. The receival of the grant capped several months of intense lobbying from Goucher President Rhoda Dorsey in the Maryland State Assembly. The total estimated cost of the renovation was $2.5 million with the state grant being matched by Goucher’s internal fundraising campaign. Money was also granted to Johns Hopkins University and the Capital Institute of Technology (renamed in 2014 as the Capital Technology University).
  • An Oral History Seminar is announced by Goucher. The project, known as “Generation to Generation: The Living Legacy of Older Persons,” attracted 16 Goucher students to participate in interviewing local elderly residents about their lives, experiences, and attitudes. The seminar concludes months of interviews and displayed the records to the public in various locations around Baltimore.

World News:

  • The songCall Me by Blondie tops the Hot 100 Billboard Songs from March 22 to April 12 in the US.
  • Zimbabwe gains independence from Great Britain on April 18; Robert Mugabe becomes Prime Minister of the newly-formed country. He goes on to rule Zimbabwe for 37 years before stepping down in 2017 as President.
  • The Iranian Embassy Siege begins on April 30 with six Arab terrorists seizing control of the Iranian Embassy in the UK and taking 26 hostages. The siege ends after six days, on May 5, with the recapture of the embassy by British Special Forces. The siege is viewed as an early premonition of the Iran-Iraq War that would break out later in the year.

To discover more Goucher history, visit the Goucher College Digital Library.

Correction:

April 22nd, 2019.

A picture was added to the article and a link to the Goucher College Digital Library included.

 

This Week in….1980

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Goucher College News
 Internationally acclaimed West Indian novelist and essayist George Lamming came to speak at Goucher College. An author whose works tackle issues of colonialism and imperialism in the Caribbean, Lamming gave a lecture and reading on “Politics and Fiction in Third World Literature in the Alumnae House. (Wednesday, April 9, 1980 at 8 p.m.)
 Distinguished pianist Peter Serkin performed in the Kraushaar Auditorium. His performed works included Bach’s “Prelude in G Major, BMV 920” Stravinsky’s “Sonate (1924),” Takemitsu’s “Les yeux clos (1979),” Chopin’s “Polonaise-Fantasy, Op. 61,” and Beethoven’s “33 variations on a Waltz of A. Diabelli, Op. 120.” (Sunday, April 13, 1980 at 8:30 p.m.)

World News
 On April 10 th , At the height of the Iranian Hostage Crisis, President Jimmy Carter
authorizes Operation “Eagle Claw” to rescue US hostages at the American Embassy in
Tehran, Iran. The ensuing rescue attempt (April 24 th ) resulted in disaster when a desert
sandstorm and faulty machinery caused a collision between a helicopter and a supporting aircraft. Eight US servicemen and one Iranian civilian were killed in the operation and President Carter was widely blamed for accident, likely resulting in his loss in the 1980 US Presidential Election.

Top Ten “Overheard at Goucher” Tweets

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Photo Credit: @overheardatgoucher on Twitter

The Twitter feed “Overheard at Goucher,” with almost 300 followers, posts cryptic messages of words overheard on campus. Accepting submissions, the anonymous student who runs this Twitter page updates fairly recently and has been active since November of 2017. The student, who prefers to keep their identity to themselves, stated to the Q, “Yeah I just think Goucher kids are really funny especially when you take snippets of a conversation out of context!!” So here are my favorite ten #overheardatgoucher tweets from over the years.

  1. “Consent is important whether we are sharing grapes or sharing tongues” – 27 November 2018
  2. “I’m still not clear what a gopher is” – 27 November 2018
  3. “I thought about being a sexy fox for Halloween, but I don’t want people thinking I’m a furry” – 31 October 2018
  4. “I’ve never seen a lightning bug in real life, only on Camp Rock” – 4 October 2018
  5. “I actually really like the presidential alert it felt like I was in a big group message with the whole country” – 4 October 2018
  6. “I’m a hoe for memory foam – 4 October 2018
  7. “Cleaning my diva cup in the Jeffrey bathroom was probably the most stressful part of my weekend” – 3 October 2018
  8. “It could’ve been a rom com but it was Jeffery Dahmer” – 20 September 2018
  9. “…and now he’s got a whole new scrotum” – 31 August 2018
  10. “I’m gonna need you to take an entire stadium worth of seats” – 15 May 2018

Honorable Mentions:

“All we do is Juul and Ju Ju on that beat” – 25 August 2018

“Knees are just leg knuckles” – 26 January 2018

Winners Announced for Book Collecting Contest

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Photo Credit: Katie Monthie

On Thursday, March 7, the 2019 winners of the Betty Applestein-Sweren Book Collecting Contest were announced at a celebration hosted by the Sweren family. This year, two first and two second place winners were selected, alongside an honourable mention. Although the collections ranged in genre, from fantasy to memoir to general fiction, each winner was chosen for their deep passion that informs the collection that they have built.

The Betty Applestein-Sweren Book Collecting Contest, started by Betty Sweren and her husband Dr. Edgar Sweren in 2012, is a contest that allows any Goucher College student (undergraduate or graduate) to share their book collections on any topic they choose. In order to be considered for the contest, students write an essay describing their collection and its significance, a bibliography cataloguing all of the current books in the collection, and a list of 20 books that they wish to receive in the future. Collections must include print books, but they can also include other physical materials (maps, sketches, etc.) as long as they fall within the collection theme.

Photo Credit: Katie Monthie

All winners received a certificate and book plate marking the occasion. First and second place winners both received money as well to help build their collections further. The Honourable Mention was given to Abigail Mahoney-Cloutier ‘22 for her collection entitled “High Fantasy in Ink.” The second-place winners were Lena Fultz ‘19 with “The Value of a True Story: Memoir as a Writer’s Primary Source” and Joshua Miller ‘20 with “Shades of the Color Black: Perspectives of the Black Identity.” Ruut DeMeo ‘20 with her collection “The Kalevala: Retellings and Interpretations of the Ancient Myth” and Matthew Jenkins ‘21 with his collection “J.R.R. Tolkien: A Beaten, Battered, and Yellowed Bundle of Pages” both won first place.

These collections developed differently for each of this year’s winners, though for many their collection began during their childhood or high school years. In her acceptance speech, Fultz, explained that she had likely begun collecting books when she was a kid, without being aware that she was collecting in the first place. Miller began his collection of black narratives when he became aware of the lack of quality representation for black people, and black men in particular, in high school. Jenkins had enjoyed Tolkien since he was young, beginning with The Hobbit which was the beaten, battered, and yellowed bundle of pages referenced in his collection’s title, but realized he was building a collection “the first time [he] bought a Tolkien book [he] didn’t need.” DeMeo built her collection off of her interest in The Kalevala, which her grandmother would read to her when she was little.

Photo Credit: Katie Monthie

As for the future? Well, Mahoney-Cloutier has another shot at submitting her collection next year, as students that submit collections that are deemed an “Honourable Mention” are strongly encouraged to develop their collection more and resubmit it the following year. As Professor of English, Dr. Juliette Wells stated in presenting the Honourable Mention award: “the special Honourable Mention is the vote of confidence in the developing collection.” Mahoney-Cloutier plans to resubmit in the future, potentially with new additions to the collection. Additionally, many of the winners this year expressed their wishes to add their own book to their collection one day. Miller, for example, is currently focused on writing works that focus on black identity. While DeMeo is currently working on a middle-grade fantasy novel, her senior thesis next year will be novel that builds off of The Kalevala. Additionally, DeMeo and Jenkins are eligible to move on to the National Book Collecting Contest hosted by the Library of Congress, where they have the opportunity to win up to $2500 for their collections.

Want to share your own book collection next year? Perhaps focus on the collection of books that mean the most to you personally. When asked about what she would suggest for those submitting collections in the future, DeMeo explained, while she was unsure about her chances on submitting her collection, the judges told her that the success of her collection was due to the personal affection for her collection that she expressed in her essay. Miller, as well, suggested to those submitting in the future “consider what speaks to you” and to expand  on why it does so. The success of the above collections is built off of, as was said many times during the event, to the love these students have not simply for their books, but for the subjects they’ve built their collections around.

Winners also suggest starting early, mainly because of the bibliography. Jenkins in particular noted that the bibliography was the hardest part of the process for him, primarily because of how much time it took. However, that shouldn’t discourage you from submitting your collection. Formalizing your collection, as DeMeo expressed, can be really inspiring. Many of the winners, as creative writers, were also able to compile and share their influences through this contest and reflect on how these influences have impacted their writing.

Interested in learning more about the collections? Find the collection submissions (including essays and bibliographies) at https://mdsoar.org/handle/11603/2242. Below are recommendations of books from a few of the winners:

“High Fantasy in Ink”, Abigail Mahoney-Cloutier ‘22: For art, see Milkyway Hitchhiking by Sirial For story, see ElfQuest by Wendy and Richard Pini

“Shades of the Color Black: Perspectives of the Black Identity”, Joshua Miller ‘20: Native Son by Richard Wright; How Long till Black Future Month by N.K. Jemisin; No Name in the Street by James Baldwin

“J.R.R. Tolkien: A Beaten, Battered, and Yellowed Bundle of Pages”, Matthew Jenkins ‘21: Tree and Leaf by J.R.R. Tolkien

“The Kalevala: Retellings and Interpretations of the Ancient Myth”, Ruut DeMeo ‘20: The Story of Kullervo by J.R.R. Tolkien

 

Further information on the Applestein-Sweren Book Collecting Contest itself can be found on the Goucher Library site, or in our 106th issue published on December 7, 2018 entitled “So Goucher Has A Book Collecting Contest?”.

The Goucher Advantage

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Credit: Goucher College

The Career Education Office, more commonly known as the CEO here at Goucher, has started a program titled “The Goucher Advantage,” which began with this year’s first-years. The Goucher Advantage “makes career education a central element of each student’s experience, through the curriculum, mentoring, and professional experience.” This begins when first-years come to Goucher, and continues throughout their four years here.

 

After talking to Julie Elliott, Associate Director of Internships in the Career Education Office, it was made clear that the first step for the class of 2022 was “self-knowledge and personal branding.” This is shown when a member of the CEO joins a Writing 181 and First Year Seminar class and presents to the class how to create a resume that is at college level, as well as how important it is to set it up in a way to target their intended audience. The Career Education Office realized that their involvement in First Year Seminar and Writing 181 was a better first step for first-years to realize the kind of helpful opportunities they could receive from the CEO, making it less intimidating for them to set up their own individual meetings in following years at the CEO.

 

Now, many of our upper-class and transfer student readers may be wondering, “How does the Goucher Advantage impact my career at Goucher?”. Not to fear, the Career Education Office still provides support to upperclass-students via their programming and outreach activities. Over J-Term, they offered a “non-credit, self-paced” online internship seminar on Canvas, having 100% of survey respondents say that they would definitely recommend the seminar to their peers. Students also have the opportunity to take a part in a “Take a Gopher to Work” day, which is a program where students can shadow alumnae/i, or even parents, in a specific field of work that interests them. This gives them the chance to “learn more about careers and industries,” Elliott said. This program during J-Term gives students the chance to do some career searching while still taking time to relax over break.

 

When thinking about all of the “career stuff” that students will need to face once their senior year approaches, they can get overwhelmed, stated Elliott. Elliott says that the Career Education Office’s hope for the Goucher Advantage Program is to “provide structure for career exploration and education that will enable all students to engage in this work early and often, to normalize and strategize, with a community of support, and gives students the tools and information needed to reach their goals.” This will help students have a successful career after Goucher, leading them to do great things.

 

Please stop by the Career Education Office if you have any further questions either regarding the Goucher Advantage program, Take a Gopher to Work Day, or anything else that a career counselor could help you with. Do not leave anything until two weeks before graduation! Set up those mock interviews, perfect your cover letter and/or resume, and find opportunities for this coming summer.

People of Color Disproportionately Affected by Climate Change

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In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans, Louisiana. The horrific hurricane killed at least 1,833 people and annihilated homes, schools, stores, and more. The residents located near this tragedy were people of color who lived in low level areas. Along with living in poor conditions, people also lacked proper resources to prepare for disasters. It is now 2019 and communities affected by this tragedy are still dealing with the effects of this hurricane. While dealing with these challenges, these people are also fighting companies that are causing pollution near their communities.

Hurricane Katrina demonstrates the struggle for communities of color (typically African Americans and Native Americans) to recover for natural disasters. These communities tend to struggle due to lack of governmental funding, which results in little resources. For instance, communities of color tend to have little resources to evacuate when disasters are occurring. If these people are evacuated from their communities, they are often left with uncertainty about when to safely return to their homes, since the government does not announce when to do so.

Not only are these communities dealing with a lack of funding, but many are also dealing with companies who are producing pollution near their homes and schools. Studies have shown that polluting companies are disproportionately located near communities dominated by people of color. For instance, a utility corporation named Entergy is attempting to gain an environmental permit for a gas power plant near East New Orleans. If this corporation gains a permit, they will be able to release one million pounds of toxic air pollutants located alongside many homes and schools. They will also produce over a billion pounds of greenhouse gases that result in climate change. The pollutants and toxins increase the chances of asthma and cancer within these communities.

This can explain why one in six African American children have asthma, differentiating from 1 in 10 nationally. Nearly sixty-eight percent of African Americans lived near 30 miles of a coal plant, one of the biggest carbon pollutants in the United States. Also, African Americans located in Los Angeles are more than two times as likely to die during heat waves rather than other locals living here. This is due to creating “heat islands,” which are made by lots of concrete and asphalt (which is correlated to rising temperatures). Since people of color mostly populate these heat islands, they are more vulnerable to the effects of them. People located in these areas also tend to not have resources such as air conditioning or proper transportation.

Here are a few ways to prevent further suffering for people of color communities and to eliminate further damage of climate change: properly equip people of color to prepare for natural disasters, elect officials into office that care and plan to take action against climate change, and increase investments in clean energy. Properly equipping people of color will result in less damage or better methods of evacuating. Electing officials who take action against climate change will be efficient because they can promote the idea of clean energy and other methods for the fight against climate change. The idea of clean energy is providing homes with wind, solar, and efficiency upgrades. Also, increasing investments in clean energy can provide employment for people, more so for people of color. By making these changes, climate change can stop worsening and destroying communities dominated by people of color.

Sources

https://www.theroot.com/how-climate-change-affects-people-of-color-1790895451

https://advancementproject.org/climate-change-not-future-problem-communities-color-now-problem/

BY HANNAH CLAGGETT

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