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The Quindecim has 103 articles published.

Birth Control in Puerto Rico: The Pill’s Dark History

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A lesson at a birth control clinic. 1968, Puerto Rico. Image from: http://pro.magnumphotos.com

Although the pill allows American women to feel more in control of their body, many do not realize the dark history behind this method of birth control. In 1956, a researcher from Massachusetts named Gregory Pincus conducted the first experiment in Puerto Rico (specifically Rio Piedras and Humacao) to test the effectiveness of birth control. Pincus had to perform the experiment in Puerto Rico in order to avoid legal conflicts within the United States, since birth control did not become legal in America until the 1960s.
The experimenters had nearly 1,500 women try the birth control. Many of the women were poor and  illiterate, but they wanted to take the pill because they wanted to plan out their families. None of the women were told about the side effects of taking this pill, and Puerto Rican doctors often were distrustful of the pill.  Although at the time many were unsure about the potential side effects of the pill, Pincus was quite confident in his product and told women that they could not get pregnant as long as they took the pill regularly.
On August 2nd, 1959 Pincus wrote an article in the Washington Post detailing his observations of the experiment. He notes that at least 25 percent of women quit taking the pill because it had not been effective, causing less interest and desirability. Many participants found that the pill made them nauseous and dizzy. After these concerns were raised, in August of 1962, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) was notified that 26 of the women endured blood clots, resulting in three deaths. Other side effects included weight gain, vomiting, headaches, stomach pain, severe cramping, constant mood changes, lack of sexual desires, and depression.
Although these women were participating in an experiment, none of them were informed that this was a trial. Since there was a major language barrier, none of them were warned about the side effects and possible risks. The experimenters only promoted a free pill and a way to prevent pregnancy. The fact that many Puerto Rican women were illiterate and lived in poverty helped the researchers select Puerto Rico as a site for the experiment.
Why was Puerto Rico chosen to be the site of these trials? In the early 1950s, Margaret Sanger, the founder of Planned Parenthood, became aware of Pincus’s creation of the pill to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Sanger was a promoter of contraception, so it is not surprising that she wanted to test the pill to see if it worked. Sanger and Pincus decided Puerto Rico would be the perfect site to do so. In 2013, Planned Parenthood claimed they went to Puerto Rico for the following reasons: Puerto Ricans accepted contraception, they were geographically close to the United States, and researchers were testing to see if illiterate women could responsibly take the pill.
Basically, what Planned Parenthood is saying is that they tricked vulnerable women into taking something that could have potentially lead to death. How are women suppose to take a pill “responsibly” if they are not even told that they are participating in an experiment, nor that there are dangerous side effects? Pincus clearly did not handle this experiment “responsibly.” Rather, the experiment was a violation of human rights.
The United States has history of racism towards Puerto Ricans and this experiment can be added to the list of human rights violations. The researchers preyed on Puerto Rican women who lived in poverty and were illiterate. They tricked them into taking a pill, not warning them about the dangerous effects. Through the suffering of these women, the researchers found out that the root of the problem was the dosages that the Puerto Ricans were taking. The women were taking very high dosages, causing them to be more prone to the side effects, so the researchers learned to lower the dosage when presenting the pill to Americans.
While Americans have been provided with proper education on the pill as a method of birth control, many of the Puerto Rican women were left suffering and some dead. Pincus and the creator of Planned Parenthood is to blame for these unjust actions. Sanger is a self-proclaimed feminist, yet she did this to other women, especially vulnerable women.  Planned Parenthood is a great organization that has helped many women, but that does not justify its dark history. This organization must acknowledge its wrongdoings and apologize to the women they have hurt.

Information from:

The Dark History of the Birth Control Pill in Puerto Rico

HANNAH CLAGGETT

The Indictments: A Briefing

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Paul Manafort (left), Rick Gates, and George Papadopoulos Photo Credit: The Yeshiva World

On Monday October 30th, Robert Mueller’s investigation into the Trump campaign’s connections to Russia made its first indictments public. Paul Manafort, Rick Gates and George Papadopoulos were all indicted. These indictments were filed five months into the investigation, which began in May. The process has been  extraordinarily fast for a federal investigation.
Manafort, Trump’s former campaign chairman, was hired in March 2016 and left in August 2016. Manafort has a long history of working with Ukrainian oligarchs since 2005. Manafort was hired to provide image consulting for a pro-Putin Russia-friendly Ukrainian party and he provided consulting services for former Ukrainian president Victor Yanukovych. Manafort lobbied on behalf of Yanukovych in D.C., and Yanukovych is currently in Russia, though he is wanted in Ukraine on charges of high treason. Manafort’s connections to the region and tendency to align with foreign leaders make his appointment as Trump’s campaign manager highly suspect. Manafort has been charged on 12 counts, including conspiracy against the United States, conspiracy to launder money, unregistered agent of a foreign principle, and false and misleading US Foreign Agents Repetition Act statements, false statements, and seven counts of failure to file reports financial accounts. He pleaded not guilty on October 30th. He is currently in house confinement with a $10 million bond and must report daily to law enforcement by phone.
Gates is Manafort’s protege. He started working for the Trump campaign during Manafort’s time, and stayed on as deputy campaign manager. He helped form the pro-Trump non profit group America First Policies and was eventually removed from the organization due to his connection to Manafort. He faces the same charges as Manafort and has entered a not guilty plea. He is currently on home confinement with a $5 million bond. His and Manafort’s trial has been set for May 7th 2018.
Papadopoulos was a member of Trump’s foreign policy advisory panel, and according to his LinkedIn page, he is an oil, gas, and policy consultant. A Trump campaign official told CNN that Papadopoulos had a significant amount of contact with the Trump campaign during the 2016 election cycle. Alex Ward reported for Vox News that Papadopoulos was arrested on July 27th and pleaded guilty to charges on October 5th. Papadopoulos pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI about having contact with three individuals who he believed had contact with the Russian government. Two of those individuals were Russians. It is currently unclear whether these individuals were actually authorized by the Russian government to speak to the Trump campaign.
This is just the start of the Mueller investigation and there will most likely be more indictments. News sources have compared the process of the Mueller investigation to mob investigations, in that the investigation is using smaller, low level participants to take down larger members of the organization. Going forward, it has been widely speculated that Mueller’s next step will be to attempt to flip Manafort, to persuade him to become a cooperating witness and to give information about the connection between the Trump campaign and Russia. News sources have suspected that Mueller will use the same strategy to go after Trump that he used with Manafort: targeting his past potential financial crimes in order to gain his cooperation.

MASON BAGGETTE & TERRIN ROSEN

CDO Student Profile: Brett Rapkin-Citrenbaum

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Brett Rapkin-Citrenbaum. Photo Credit: Brett Rapkin-Citrenbaum

STUDENT PROFILE: Brett Rapkin-Citrenbaum

CDO: We’re talking to Brett Rapkin-Citrenbaum, class of 2020. Brett, let’s start out on a serious note. What two animals would be combined to become you?

Brett: Bear Cub and Caterpillar

CDO: And what’s your major?

Brett: Political Science and International Relations

CDO: How did you go about choosing a major?

Brett: I took a bunch of intro classes to test out the waters, then I looked into the requirements of each major and tried to gauge what I’d like to take. I talked extensively to my advisor and some upperclassmen friends and by the end of it all it seemed obvious!

CDO: In what ways have you utilized the CDO team/resources?

Brett: The CDO helped me find a summer job in my town that was relevant to my career path. They also helped me format my resume and taught me some cool resume tricks for the future. (Note from the CDO: We did not pay her to say this!)

CDO: What has been the result, to date, of being proactive in your career development?

Brett:  I had a fun summer job at an environmental education center which is something I’m passionate about. I also feel a lot more confident looking for internships and applying for career focused positions.

CDO: How do you reduce and manage the stress that can come with being a busy college student?

Brett: Make time for fun! Even if it’s just a quick Stimson lunch with some pals or a walk in the woods or a quick game of chess.

CDO: What do you think Goucher students MUST KNOW about…

o    Choosing a major:

Brett: If you are planning on going to a grad school of some kind your major isn’t super relative. Just take classes you’re interested in and see where it leads you!

o    Getting involved on-campus:

Brett: Do it! Whether you’re attending the student government open meetings or common hour happenings, participating in academic events, or joining clubs. Also, make sure you’re taking part in all the student to administration conversations! These happen during Mobile Dean or common hour or even via email or on Van Meter Highway, but keep your eyes peeled!

o    Gaining work experience:

Brett: Goucher has a lot of resources, specifically at the CDO, but also within the academic departments. Ask your advisor for help!

Thanks to Brett for sharing her insight! Have some perspective about majors, careers, resume writing, etc. you would like to share with the Goucher community? Write to us at Career@goucher.edu!

The CDO’s Etiquette Dinner

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Do you like food, learning, and networking? If your answer is yes, which I am sure it is, the Career Development Office’s annual Etiquette Dinner is just the right event for you.

Every fall semester, the CDO, with generous support from the Goucher Student Government, coordinates the Etiquette Dinner. The purpose of this dinner is to teach students the fine art of dining while in a professional setting. The CDO invites an etiquette specialist from the International School of Protocol to guide students into gaining confidence in their ability to successfully navigate a professional cocktail, lunch, or dinner experience. Over a three-course meal, the dining instructor covers both American and Continental dining methods to allow for diverse knowledge of dining etiquette, including the proper use of chopsticks. This is especially beneficial to Goucher students pursuing an international career focus and for those who may be studying abroad in the future.

The event is open to the Goucher student community, with priority given to juniors and seniors, since those are the years that students are most commonly focusing on networking, seeking employment, and other formal opportunities. The event can host around 40-45 students, with room for the alumnae/i table hosts. By inviting Goucher alums, from a variety of educational and industry backgrounds, to serve as table hosts, the students who attend are allowed an opportunity to practice their networking skills first hand and learn tips from these alums to apply as they finish their college career.

The dinner provides an opportunity for students to learn about and practice business dining etiquette, as well as professional networking. In today’s job market, these skills are incredibly helpful for students to learn as they build their contacts and make a strong impression with employers. Registration opened Oct. 23rd through the CDO website and runs until Nov. 1: www.goucher.edu/cdo.

BY: ZULA MUCYO

Public Safety Blotter October 7-20th, 2017

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Alcohol/Drug
• Students smoking marijuana in residence in Welsh set off fire alarm
• Two searches conducted after receiving anonymous reports of drug distribution, no illegal items found
• Two students interviewed after receiving report that they were smoking marijuana in a Lewis bathroom
Fire Safety
• Fire alarm pulled on 1st floor Wagner
• Accidental fire alarm in Bacon, Dulaney, Probst
• Fire alarm line repaired in Welsh after identifying problem following an accidental alarm
• Candle lit a blanket on fire in Dulaney – fire extinguished, alcohol confiscated
Harrassment
• Graduate student reported concerns about being stalked on campus by several unidentified individuals
Injury /Medical Emergency
• Three hospital transports for mental health reasons
Theft
• Gift cards stolen from lost envelope
• Bike stolen from rack near Probst
Vehicle Incident
• Minor accident in SRC parking lot
Damage/Vandalism
• Table damaged in Robinson common room
• Sofa damaged in Heubeck lobby
• Graffiti found in Wagner and Stimson lobby
• Meyerhoff windows vandalized
• Chair broken in Alcock common room
• Shower faucet damaged in Wagner
Other
• Student screaming loudly on repeated occasions in Wagner
• Biohazard cleanup in Gamble
• Gas smell in Dorsey found to be caused by lawn care machinery
• Weapons report found to be student with whittling tools
STUDENT CODE OF CONDUCT DECISIONS
• Student given $250 fine and a recommendation of disciplinary probation and/or removal from campus for any further violations
• Student found responsible for marijuana-related social host violation – issued written reflection, $50 fine, parent notification
• Student found responsible for possession/use of marijuana – issued disciplinary probation, substance use assessment, $150 fine, parent notification
• Student found responsible for abuse or interference with the student conduct system (failure to complete sanctions) – suspended for the spring 2018 semester, required to complete a written reflection prior to returning from suspension
• Student found responsible for abuse or interference with the student conduct system (failure to complete sanctions) – recommendation for suspension or expulsion for any further violations, issued written reflection

“The Sun and Her Flowers” Review

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The Sun and Her Flowers. Photo Credit: Urban Outfitters

Rupi Kaur released her book The Sun and Her Flowers on October 3rd, 2017. I was filled with excitement because she is known for her book Milk and Honey, which was released in 2014. Kaur had brought a new type of flare to modern poetry with her first book. It was hard to find poetry that talked about current issues; most of the poetry nowadays talks about being in love or heartbreaks. In both of her books, she talks about multiple topics. I was impressed with her first book, but unfortunately I did not feel the same when reading her newest book.

I bought her second book the day it released. The day she announced the release date for her second book, I put it in my phone calendar so I would not forget (although I did not really need it, I remembered it perfectly). When I first received the book, I scrutinized the cover and the back. The cover of her book is really cute. The background is an off-white, while the title is bolded The Sun and Her Flowers, along with her name under it. Under her name, there is a picture of what appears to be sunflowers, with blue petals. It is not the best picture of a sunflower, but it is still very cute. The picture looks as if it was drawn by a child. The back of the book also has an off-white background, with sunflowers at the bottom, but it has one of Kaur’s poems written on the back of it.

The Sun and Her Flowers covers six main themes: loss, trauma, healing, femininity, migration, and revolution. A lot of the topics were covered in her last book, except for the topics of migration and revolution. She wrote about the same thing, just in different words. There was no spark when reading her poems. When I read her first book, I was constantly taking out my phone, taking pictures of her poems because I believed they were very deep and meaningful. I did not want to forget them. I probably took about three pictures with her newest book. Many of her poems lack depth and meaning. You could literally find tweets on Twitter that basically say the same thing. A lot of her poems looked as if she was making bland statements, but they were just pushed into multiple lines. Unfortunately, she did not bring anything new to the table, so I was not impressed with her second release.

Although I was not impressed with her new book, she is still a beautiful person. If she made a third book, I would read it in hopes that she would give me the same amazement as she did with her first book. She is already a beautiful writer, but I would like her to expand more on her thoughts. She is saying what has already said.  I want her to make me think. If a person is looking for a book to make them think while leaving them with a new perspective, this is not the book for them. If a person is looking for a quick, easy read on some of the most commonly discussed topics, then this is the right book.

HANNAH CLAGGETT

Students Mobilize to Defend DACA

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Following the White House announcement to repeal the Deferred Action for Childhood Arivals Program (DACA), a group of Goucher students gathered outside the Athenaeum over the course of several days. They provided information about  ways to defend and support DACA, along with phone numbers and mailing addresses so that students could contact local representatives and express their support for DACA.

Photo Credit: Usha Kaul

Hate Graffiti: What can Goucher do about it?

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“Since I have come to Goucher, hate graffiti has happened on rare occasions,” said Associate Dean of Students, Andrew Wu. Photo Credit: Business Insider

“Hate is alive every single day,” LeBron James said after one of his homes was vandalized with hate graffiti.  “No matter how much money you have, no matter how famous you are, no matter how many people admire you, you know being black in America is tough,” James said. “And we got a long way to go, for us as a society and for us as African-Americans, until we feel equal in America.”
The horrific incident that occurred at James’s home has sparked a topic that has many people talking: hate graffiti. The racist events have occurred for years, especially towards African-Americans, the LGBTQIA+ community, and other minorities. Although the incidents have sparked some news, many people do not talk about hate graffiti that has occurred on college campuses, and fortunately Goucher College has been the site of very few hate crimes. Andrew Wu, the Associate Dean of Students of Goucher College, was happy to provide information about past hate crimes that has occurred on the campus.
“Since I have come to Goucher, hate graffiti has happened on rare occasions. In the last couple of years, we’ve had pockets of incidents that have involved racist and transphobic messages. Unfortunately, in my time at Goucher, we have not identified any individuals responsible for hate graffiti,” he said.
The lack of camera surveillance makes it tough for authorities to capture the culprit and when the culprit commits the hateful action, they tend to be isolated.
While Goucher authorities have not been able to capture anyone who has committed hate graffiti on the rare occasions that they have, the school has a low-tolerance for hate crimes. “If someone were found to be engaging in hateful messaging, depending on the person’s affiliation with the college and nature of the incident, a number of individuals/committees (including the Bias Education Response Team) would respond. Generally speaking, the college would have to determine whether or not that person should continue as a member of the community, and if they were, how to ensure that they are provided with educational opportunities to better understand their actions,” Wu said.
Many people have noticed an increase in hate crimes since Donald Trump announced that he was running for president. More crimes have been committed since he has become president.
“Because it’s very likely that these incidents are isolated and individual, it’s hard to attribute them to changes in the political climate,” Wu continues. “However, in my limited experience here, we have certainly experienced a greater number of these incidents since the beginning of last academic year.”
There are multiple ways to try to help prevent these hate crimes from arising on campuses. We could invest in camera surveillances that could be placed in appropriate areas so culprits can be caught easier, place stricter consequences against anyone committing a hateful crime, and promote social equality.
Although racism is alive and everywhere, Goucher students and faculty can still help promote social equality. Goucher is an environment that promotes love, safety, and comfortability among students and faculties. Although, as a collective, we may not agree on everything, we can all conclude that we try to do what is right for the students in the best way possible.

LeBron James quotes from: Chappell, B. (2017, June 01). Hate Is ‘Alive Every Single Day,’ LeBron James Says After Racist Graffiti Incident.

HANNAH CLAGGETT

The CDO’s Weekly Coffee Chats

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Free Donuts and Coffee every Friday in the CDO! Credit: Bon Appetit

As we kick off a new academic year, it is yet another opportunity for us to further prepare for our future careers. You’re probably already asking yourself what you can do now, as an undergrad, to facilitate your job hunting process upon graduation. You’ve most likely heard the word “networking” numerous times, but you’re not quite sure exactly what it entails. The Goucher College Career Development Office (CDO) has answers for you.
Last semester, the CDO launched a new weekly series called Coffee Chats. Every Friday from 9:30-11:30 am, the CDO invites a couple of Goucher alumni to share their knowledge and experience with students. We’ve hosted about 50 alums from wide-ranging backgrounds, including but not limited to attorneys, clinical professors of law, Certified Financial Planners, and presidents of non-profits. The purpose of these coffee chats is to give students an opportunity to talk to professionals who were once in their shoes and went on to succeed in the working world. This is networking, folks!
The Coffee Chats are super laid back and casual. You can ask whatever is on your mind and pop in and out as your schedule allows. It is an easy way to meet people who can answer questions regarding life after college, finding a job, and fending for yourself. And there’s free coffee and donuts!
We hope to see you on Friday!

ZULA MUCYO

Public Safety Incident Reports September 9, 2017- September 22, 2017

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Alcohol/Drug

 

  • Party broken up in Dulaney – underage alcohol use
  • Students found in possession of drug paraphernalia, marijuana, alcohol, and tampered fire equipment in Lewis, BCPD called in.
  • Six students found in possession of marijuana and prescription drugs on Van Meter lawn
  • Possible drug deal reported near pond, no suspects identified

Fire Safety

  • Accidental fire alarm in Welsh x2

Injury /Medical Emergency

  • Two students transported to the hospital for alcohol intoxication
  • Student required medical attention from cut in PSelz

Theft

  • US flag stolen from flagpole near pond
  • Bicycle stolen from Van Meter bike rack

Vehicle Incident

  • Vehicle struck by unknown vehicle in Stimson loading dock area
  • Minor accident on loop road
  • Accident at intersection of Dulaney Valley and Goucher entrance – no Goucher community members involved
  • Parking decal stolen from parked vehicle in South lot

Damage/Vandalism

  • Accidental damage to Welsh gate reported
  • Damage reported to Bacon One Card swipe

Other

  • Physical altercation between two students in Jeffery
  • Non-Goucher individual removed from campus
  • Biohazard cleanup in Jeffery

 

STUDENT CODE OF CONDUCT DECISIONS

  • Student found responsible for Endangering Health or Safety and Harassment/Intimidation – removed from campus residence, given disciplinary probation, Alcoholics Anonymous requirement, parent notification, and no-contact order
  • Student found responsible for Endangering Health or Safety and Harassment/Intimidation – given disciplinary probation, mandated counseling for anger management and substance use, no-contact order, and parent notification
  • Two students found responsible for underage possession of alcohol, issued warnings
  • Student found responsible for underage possession of alcohol, and a social host violation – given educational sanction, $50 fine, and parent notification
  • Student found responsible for possession/use of marijuana (under 10 grams), possession of drug paraphernalia, underage possession of alcohol, fire safety violation; found not responsible for drug distribution – given disciplinary probation, mandated disclosure to on-campus supervisors, Narcotics Anonymous requirement, $275 fine, parent notification, recommendation for suspension/expulsion for any future violations
  • Student found responsible for possession/use of marijuana (under 10 grams), fire safety violation; not responsible for drug distribution, possession of drug paraphernalia – given disciplinary probation, educational sanction, parent notification, $275 fine
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